cyclamen シクラメン

shikuramen3_L.jpg
cyclamen シクラメン
学名:Cyclamen

本 [今日の記事]
Cyclamen are a genus of plants containing 20 species, which are part of the family of Primulaceae, the Primrose family. In the wild, their distribution is centred on the mediterranean, being natives of parts of Europe, western Asia and parts of North Africa. They are tuberous plants and have no obvious affinity with Primroses, although they do resemble the North American Dodecatheon in having reflexed petals.
Their habitats range from Fagus (Beech) woodland, through scrub and rocky areas, to alpine meadows where they flower in snow meltwater.
The genus is notable for the fact that although it is small, there are species which flower in every month of the year.

In cultivation, there are some species which are definitely hardy, some which are borderline, and a few species which will not tolerate any frost.
The genus also provides florists plants in the form of cultivars based on Cyclamen persicum. These are generally winter and spring flowering plants which are available in a wide range of colours.

[出典]the Cyclamen Society

本 [単語チェック!]
Primulaceae:サクラソウ primrose
distribution:分布
mediterranean:地中海の
tuberous:塊茎のある
affinity:類似点
resemble:似ている
Dodecatheon:ドデカテオン属の草本 
shooting star, American cowslip
reflexed:そり返った
Fagus (Beech) woodland:ブナ林
scrub:雑木林
alpine meadows:アルプスの草原
notable:注目すべき
Cyclamen persicum:シクラメン・ペルシカム 
  シクラメンの原種の一つ 栽培種のほとんどはこれを
  改良したもの  
  Cyclamenはギリシャ語で「旋回する」の意
  persicumはペルシャ原産の意

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